An item by item comparison between the CAFIB and
FCI breed standards for the Fila Brasileiro.
PLEASE NOTE! These items have been placed
side by side to better facilitate a comparison for interest's sake. This
is NOT the order in which these items appear in the actual breed
standards. Also, spelling has been corrected...mostly. To see the
original translations of these breed standards, go to their respective
If you have any suggestions on how to improve upon the
way this information is presented, please let me know.
This is taken from the 2004
version of the FCI standard, translated by
Jennifer Mulholland & Raymond Triquet.
CAFIB Breed Standard
This is the CAFIB standard
Paulo Santos Cruz and approved and translated by CAFIB,
molossoid breed. Powerful bones, rectangular and compact
structure, but harmonious and well proportioned. Displays, together with
a massive body, a great amount of concentrated agility which is easily
perceived. Bitches must show a well defined femininity which
clearly distinguishes them from males.
The muzzle is
slightly shorter than the skull.
The length of the
body, measured from the point of the sternum to the point of buttock, is
equal to height at the withers plus 10%.
1. General Appearance
A typical molosser dog. Great size: massive,
with strong bones, giving an impression of stout concentration of
strength and power, but neither seeming or being heavy, laggard or
Massive, rectangular but
harmonious, well balanced, and symmetrical. Outstanding
secondary sexual characteristics clearly differentiate males
determination and outstanding braveness are part of its characteristics.
With its owners and family it is docile, obedient and extremely tolerant
with children. Its loyalty is proverbial, insistingly seeking the
company of its master.
One of its
characteristics is its aloofness towards strangers. It displays a calm
disposition, distinctive self-assurance and self-confidence, remaining
unperturbed by strange noises or circumstances. An unsurpassed guardian
of properties, it also instinctively indulges in big game hunting and
it is calm; noble and full of self-assurance. Never
displaying a bored or absent expression. When alert, its
expression should reflect determination conveyed by a firm,
It is a courageous, determined and
daring dog. It does not hide its aversion to strangers, or its
traditional tenderness to its owners and family. Consequently, it is an
unsurpassed watch dog in the cities, and an excellent herding dog and a
hunter of big animals on farms. As a result of its temperament, at dog
shows it does not allow the judge(a stranger) to touch it. And if it
attacks the judge, such a reaction must not be considered a fault, but
only a confirmation of its temperament. At temperament tests, obligatory
for dogs over one year old at shows, the Fila attack must be in an
ascending diagonal, in front of handler and without showing dependence
Calm, serene and showing
assurance, self confidence, even in strange environments,
without being frightened by noises such as firing gun shots at
shows. But the shot must not be discharged closer than five
meters, and only to test dogs over one year old.
The Fila head is
big, heavy and massive, always proportionate to the whole body.
From a top view it resembles a trapezoid figure into which a pear shape
Brachiophalar, great, heavy. Seen
in profile, the length of the muzzle is practically equal to that of the
skull; good depth; outstanding occipital; big and fallen ears; low
forehead depression (stop). From the front, it is wide with a strong and
convex muzzle, also lightly curved at its sides.
The profile of the skull shows a smooth curve from the stop to
the occiput, which is well defined and protuberant specially in
puppies. From a front view it is large, broad with the
upper line slightly curved. Lateral lines come down almost
vertically, in a slight continuous curve narrowing towards the
Seen in profile, it shows a
light curve from the root of muzzle towards the outstanding
occipital. Full face, it is wide, large, lightly curved. Its
sides go down in a very smooth, almost vertical, curve, without
showing swollen parotids and never forming a step at the muzzle.
At this point there is just a light curve.
Outstanding, well apart from
From a front view it is practically non existent. The
median groove is slight and runs up smoothly to approximately
the centre of the skull. Seen from the side, the stop is
only slightly pronounced and virtually only formed by the well
(Forehead depression of frontal
cavity) Full face, it virtually doesn't exist. In its place,
there is a groove (depression) between the eyes, in a smooth
ascent up to the middle of the skull. Seen in profile, it is
low, inclined, but perfectly visible, formed by the superciliary
Pendant, large, thick, V-shaped. Broad at the base and
tapering to the ends. Rounded tips. Attached at the
back of the skull, in line with the eyes when in repose.
When roused, the ears are above the original position. The root
is oblique, with the front edge higher than the back edge.
Falling over the cheeks or folded back showing the inside (rose
Fallen, big, thick, very large at
the root, narrowing towards its end, forming a curve around the
edge. The root is inclined: the fore edge is higher than the
back. Its insertion is at the most rear part of the skull and
variable: low when the dog is at rest and high when it is on the
alert. Laterally fallen ears and rose ears are allowed.
From medium to large size, almond shaped, spaced well apart,
medium to deep set. Permissible colours - from dark brown
to yellow, always in accordance to the colour of the coat.
Due to the loose skin many individuals present drooping
lower eyelids which are not considered a fault as such a detail
accentuate the melancholic expression which is typical of the
A sad look when at rest, but
energetic and determined when on the alert. Of medium to big
size, lightly egg shaped, profound, wide apart. Their color
varies from dark chestnut to yellow. In harmony with the general
color and pigmentation of the fur. Due to the loose skin, some
dogs present fallen low eyelids. This is not considered a fault,
because it just increases its typical sad expression.
Strong, broad and deep, always in harmony with the skull.
Fairly deep at the root but not deeper than long. Seen
from above, it is full under the eyes, slightly narrowing
towards the middle of the muzzle and again broadening slightly
to the front line. Seen from the side, the muzzle is
straight or has a Roman line, but never turned up. The
front line of the muzzle is almost perpendicular to the bridge
of the nose with a slight depression right under the nose.
Seen in profile, its length
is practically equal to the skull length. Rectangular, but very
deep. Nevertheless, its depth should never be equal to or exceed
its length. The foreline must be straight, going down lightly,
inclined backwards. At half way, it forms a wide and perfect
curve down towards the lower line of muzzle, which is also
defined by the upper lips.
Full face convex muzzle
curves(at front, medium and root), forming a full muzzle, which
assures good tooth implantation. As a result, under the eyes,
the muzzle is round in sequence it narrows very lightly up to
the middle curve and them it enlarges again up to the front
curve, originating a widely curved mouth gap. Nevertheless, seen
from above the muzzle must not belt at the region of the middle
curve, which is only barely perceptible.
The upper lip is thick and pendulous and overlaps the lower lip
in a perfect curve; thus the lower line of the muzzle is almost
parallel to the upper line. The lower lip is tight and firm to
the fangs and from there on it is loose with dented borders
ending at the corners which are always apparent. The
muzzle has a good depth at the root but without surpassing the
length. Edges of the lips form a deep inverted “U”.
These lips are thick and hang over
the lower ones, which are firmly fixed to the mandible (lower
jaw), but loose at the sides, showing indented edges. Visible
lip (labial) commissure.
Well developed, broad nostrils not occupying entirely the width
of the upper jaw. Colour : black.
Wide nostrils, well developed, but
never occupying the whole width of the jaw. Always black.
The teeth are significantly wider than long. Strong and white.
Upper incisors are broad at their root and taper to the edge.
Canines are powerful, well set and well apart. The ideal
bite is a scissor bite but a level bite is acceptable.
Teeth relatively small, but strong
and clear. Upper fore teeth(incisors)are wide at the root and
thin at the end. Powerful canine teeth, wide apart.
Scissors-shaped bite: this means that the lower incisors close
just scraping the inner surface of the upper incisors.
Extraordinarily strong and muscled giving the impression of a
short neck. Slightly curved at the upper side and well
detached from the skull. Dewlaps at the throat.
Generally kept low, it is
extraordinarily developed and has strong muscles, but apparently
it is short. Its upper edge (nape) is slightly convex, Forming
the so called stallion curve. Under the throat it has a parallel
double skin, hanging loose, in a longitudinal position(dewlap).
Strong, broad and deep, covered by thick and loose skin.
Strong, wide and deep. The thorax
is longer than the abdomen.
The thorax is longer than
Perfectly arched ribs, forming
a wide and deep chest, but never being an obstacle to the free
motion of the shoulders. In a well framed shoulder, the ribs
must go down till the tip of the elbow.
Shorter and not so deep as the thorax, showing distinctly the
separation of the two component parts. In females the
lower part of the flank is more developed. Seen from
above, the loin is narrower than the thorax and croup but should
not form a waistline.
Less longer and deeper than the
thorax, it must be well sculptured, in order to make it possible
to differentiate all its parts. Seen from above, it must be less
wide and full than the thorax and rump, but without belting.
Withers, in sloping line, are set well apart from each other due
to the distance between the shoulder blades. Withers are
set lower than the croup. After the withers, the upper
line changes direction, ascending smoothly to the croup.
Back line shows no tendency to sway or roach back.
Upper Line: Open and low withers
(plates), on account of the fact that the plates(omoplates) are
wide apart. Nevertheless, the withers must be perfectly visible,
forming a descending line. At the lowest point of this descent
line(hinge), it changes direction, going upward smoothly, in a
straight line, till the fore tip of the rump(ilium). So the
upper line is formed by two straight lines one till the end of
the withers, the other one till the rump.
chest and parallel to the ground in all its extension.
Slightly tucked up but never whippety.
From the tip of the
chest(manubrium of sternum) it does down, in a wide and perfect
curve, forming the forechest after that, a straight line,
parallel to the ground, follows till the rear end of the
sternum(xiphoid) and from this point it goes up lightly in the
males till the penal sheath, and in the females till the flank
lap, which is more developed in them, hiding the ascending line
of the abdomen and influencing the lower line.
Well sprung ribs though not interfering with the position of
shoulder. Deep and broad chest reaching to the level of
the elbows. Well pronounced brisket.
Broad, long, sloping at angle of approximately 30 degrees to the
horizontal and ending in a smooth curve. The croup is set a
little higher than the withers. From a back view, the
croup is ample almost as wide as the chest and can be even
broader for females.
The length of the leg, from the ground to the elbow, should be
half of the height from the ground to the withers.
The shoulder structure should be composed by two bones of equal
length (scapula and humerus); the former at 45 degrees to the
horizontal and the latter 90 degrees to the scapula. The
scapla-humerus articulation forms the point of shoulder which is
situated at the same level but slightly behind the point of
sternum. In the ideal position, the point of shoulder
should be half way from elbow to withers. An imaginary
perpendicular line coming down from the withers should cut the
elbow and reach the foot.
They are made up of two bones
of equal size; omoplate or scapula and humerus. The former at 45
degrees from the horizon and the last one at 90 degrees from the
plate. The joint of the omoplate with the humerus forms the
point of the shoulder, which must be at the same level of the
chest tip, but a little behind it. In the ideal structure the
shoulder should fill the space from the withers to the sternum
and the shoulder tip should be just at the middle of this
Forearm: The limbs must be parallel. Strong
and straight bones.
Carpal joint (wrist): Strong and
Metacarpus (pastern): Short, slightly
Strong and straight bones.
Apparent wrists (carpus)short and slightly inclined metacarpus.
Strong and well arched toes not too close together. The
dog stands on thick toes and pads which are long, broad and
deep. In the correct position, the feet should point
forward. Strong, dark nails; white nails permissible when
the corresponding toes are white.
They are formed by strong and
well arched fingers, not too near, supported by thick pads put
around a wide, deep and thick foot pad. Fingers are in a correct
position when they point ahead. The nails are strong and
dark-but can be white when this is color of the respective
finger. A perpendicular imaginary line going down from the
withers(plates) must reach the elbow and the foot. In the ideal
structure, the elbow(olecranium) should be at the sternum level.
heavy boned than forelegs but never appearing thin compared to
the overall build. Hind legs are parallel.
Rump: Structured by the
wide and long iliac, forming an angle of 30 degrees from the
horizon. There is a smooth curve from the fore tip of the rump
(ilium) till the rear (ischium), or the rump end. The ilium tip
is at the same level or a little higher than the plates. A
horizontal imaginary line starting from the rump end (ischium)
must reach the shoulder tip and ahead of the chest tip. This
distance defines the length of the dog. Viewed from behind, the
hips must be as large as the thorax, mainly in males. In the
females the hips can be larger.
Broad with curved outline shaped by strong muscles coming from
the ilium and ischium which design the curve of the buttocks and
for this reason the ischium must have a good length.
Structured by the femur (thigh
bone), which forms an angle of approximately 60 degrees from the
horizon or from the ground and an angle of 90 degrees from the
iliac. It is large, with convex edges, formed by the muscles
which go down the ilium and the ischium - the last ones drawing
the rump curve. This is the reason why the ischium should always
have a good length.
(hock) : Strong.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Slightly sloping, longer than
the metacarpus. Moderately angled stifle and hock.
It is mainly formed by the
tibia (shin bone). When the angulation is good, the knee
outstands and projects the hock backwards. Strong and
outstanding ankle (tarsus). The metatarsus (instep) is inclined
and higher than the metacarpus. Viewed from the rear, the hind
legs must be parallel and the inner part of the thigh should be
26 Hind Feet:
A little more oval than the forefeet but the otherwise
identical. Should not present dewclaws.
26 Hind Feet:
They are little bit more egg
shaped than the fore feet and equal to these in the rest. They
must not have dewclaws (ergots).
Very wide at the root, medium set, tapering rapidly to reach the
hocks. When the dog is alert, the tail is raised high and the
curve at the extremity is more accentuated. Should not be
carried curled over the back nor touch it.
Viewed in profile, it should not
interfere with the rump curve on the contrary, it must be well
adapted to it, not outstanding too much. Its insertion is
medium. When the dog is excited, it goes up, but it must never
take an upright position or even fall over the back. At the end
it forms an open curve (hook curve), but it should never twist
up. When the dog is at rest, it falls straight, till the hock.
Seen from rear, its root must be very wide and strong, narrowing
little by little down to its end.
One of the most important breed characteristics is the thick,
loose skin over the whole body, chiefly at the neck forming
pronounced dewlaps and many times it can extend to the brisket
and abdomen. Some individuals present a fold at the sides
of the head, also at the withers running down to the shoulders.
If the dog is in repose, the head should be free from wrinkles.
When alert, the dog raises its ears and the contraction of the
skin on the skull forms small longitudinal wrinkles between the
It is one the most important
characteristics of the breed, it must be thick, loose all over
the trunk, mainly in the neck, and forming a dewlap at the
throat. In many cases this dewlap goes down the chest and
abdomen. Some dogs have a ply (wrinkle) at head, sides, and also
at the withers and shoulders. When the dog is at rest, the head
must not present plies. When it is on the alert, the contraction
of the skull skin, in order to raise the ears, will form little
smooth, dense and close to the body.
Fur: Low, short and flat coat.
The hair is rough and thick, a characteristic which can be
easily detected by sight and touch. A little thicker at the
Any solid colours are permitted except the disqualifying ones.
Brindles with a solid coat and more or less dark stripes.
A black mask may
or may not be present. In all permitted colours white marks are
allowed on the feet, chest and tip of tail. White markings on
other parts of the coat are considered a fault.
The following colors are
1st: Yellow in all its shades, from the reddish brown(light bay)
2nd: Yellow in all its shades,
from the reddish brown to red, but with a gray shadow.
3rd: The first and second
colors, but with black mask and ears, or only black mask.
4th: Striped like a tiger, or
"araca" (yellow hair with split black stripes). Basic color
equal to one of the previous ones with black stripes or streaks.
The streaks are thin, with the same width from the beginning to
the end and irregularly distributed all over the body. They also
have different lengths and link at the upper line of the body,
along the vertebral column, drawing a "V".
5th: Striped with black mask
6th: White with big brindled
spots, like those described in item number 4. The white color
must be pure, without dark spots on the skin (making shadows).
7th: Light gray, silver
8th: Any of these colors with
white spots, usually on the members, chest and tail and not so
frequently on the neck and muzzle, going up to the head.
Movement: Long and elastic feline-like strides whose principal
characteristic is the pace; a two beat lateral gait in which the
legs of each side move back and forth exactly as a pair
(“camel’s pace” or amble) causing a rolling or rocking motion of
the thorax and hips accentuated by the tail when carried erect.
When walking, it carries the head lower than the back line. The
trot is smooth, free and effortless with a long, powerful and
reaching stride. The gallop is powerful, attaining unsuspected
speed for such a large and heavy dog. Due to its
articulations, typical of molossoids, the Fila’s movements not
only give the impression but actually allow him to make sudden
and rapid changes of direction.
Motion: Walk: Wide, elastic and rhythmical paces, but at the
same time seemingly heavy, just like the felines. While walking,
its head must be at the level of or below the back line. When
walking, the main characteristic is that the Fila first moves
two legs of one side of the body and then the opposite legs, in
a perfect camel step. As a result, there is an alternate side
swing of the thorax and hips, which is emphasized by the tail
when it is upwards.
Trot: Easy, soft, light, wide and efficient.
Gallop: Powerful, reaching an unsuspected speed for a dog of
such a size and weight.
Fila movements, while walking,
make evident its loose joints in the legs and vertebral column,
a characteristic of the breed. As a results, the Fila is able to
change direction suddenly and quickly, even at a gallop.
withers: Males: from 65 cm (25.6 ins) to 75 cm (29.5 ins) at the
Bitches: from 60 cm (23.6
ins) to 70 cm (27.5 ins) at the shoulder.
(at the withers) Minimum: males
65cm, females 60cm. Maximum: males 70cm, females 65cm.
Males: minimum: 50 kgs (100 pounds)
Bitches: minimum: 40 kgs (80 pounds).
Males around 50kg, females 40kg.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree.
1. Cropped ears - eliminating fault
2. Docked Tails - eliminating fault
3. Flesh-colored nose - eliminating fault
Undershot bite with
teeth visible when the mouth is closed
Undershot bite with
teeth visible when the mouth is closed-
5. Lack of 1 canine or 1 molar except the 3rd one
- eliminating fault
White markings exceeding 1/4th (one fourth) of the body -
very serious fault
7. All dogs which are white, mouse-grey, carrying small or large marks;
black and tan, blue - eliminating
8. Black is permitted - not a fault
9. Slate black seems to be permitted
10. Jet or slate
black with white spots seems to be
11. Mouse grey - eliminating fault
12. Blue - eliminating fault
13. Grey with black spots - eliminating fault
14. No comment on mouth gap as a fault
15. Aggressive or overly shy - eliminating fault
Although nothing is
said about reaction to gunshots it does say apathy and timidity are a
very serious fault.
Here are the FCI Standard
faults listed in order:
Highly set ears.
Wrinkles when the dog is
Double chin (folds in
front of dewlap).
Very narrow croup.
Curled tail carried over
Pronounced deviation of
pastern or rear pastern.
hindquarters (sickle hocks).
Short steps (poor
Very Serious Faults:
Apathy and timidity.
Pronounced stop seen
from the front.
Short upper lip.
Protruding eyes. Round
eyes. Lack of pigmentation on eyelids.
Lack of 2 teeth except
PM1 (first premolars).
Lack of dewlaps.
Roach back or level
Light bones. Lack of
Lack of angulation at
the hindquarters (straight hocks).
White markings exceeding
1/4th (one fourth) of the body.
Height exceeding the
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
Aggressive or overly
Undershot bite with
teeth visible when the mouth is closed.
Lack of 1 canine or 1
molar except the 3rd one.
Cropped ears or docked
Croup lower than the
Dog not walking at
Skin not loose and
All dogs which are
carrying small or large
marks; black and tan, blue.
Height inferior to the
monorchids, use of artificial methods to produce certain
effects, albinism, lack of type.
Any dog clearly showing
physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the
Everything that is far from the
ideal described in this standard. The faults are more serious in
direct ratio to their distance from the ideal.
1st: Cut ears
2nd: Cut tails
3rd: Flesh color nose
4th: Prognathism influencing the fore line of the muzzle
5th: Any dental lack
6th: White without any spot of another color
7th: White (basic color) with black spots
8th: Jet Black
9th: Slate black
10th: Jet or slate black with white spots
11th: Mouse (rat) gray
12th: Bluish gray
13th: Gray (basic color) with black spots
14th: Mouth gap in acute angle
15th: Temper without a positive reaction to attack
16th: Strong negative sensibility to shot
1st: Here are listed the most common faults. To make it easier
to understand them, they are divided by items like the general
aspect, head, etc. On account of the great variety of genetical
heritages and consequently of phenotypes, the judge will not
find a group of these characters it just one dog. So the judge
must disqualify a dog whenever he finds one or more of these
faults, and when he gets convinced of mixbreeding by the
intensity and representation of them
2nd: There are dogs with
somatical (physical) details which imply several mixbreedings.
This fact must not be a surprise to the judge, because it only
proves the extension and the variety of miscegenation
(mixbreeding) with several (and not only just one) breeds.
A) Neopolitan Mastiff
1- A strongly brevilineous
type, with short legs, wide chest. Concave upper line, resulting
in high and plane rump and high insertion of tail, which is
short, tending to twist up and fall over the back. Lower line in
opposite curves, concave in the thorax (thorax like a sleeping
net) and convex in the abdomen(tucking up).
2- Wide skull, its curves go
down the arched sides of the head just like in a ball. In
contrast, the muzzle seems narrower. High insertion ears, Round
"stop", formed by the frontal bone, which is high at the
forehead, Mouth gap in acute angle. Viewed in profile, the
muzzle depth is equal to or bigger than its length. Full face it
is narrow. So the nose occupies all its front. Without convex
curves. Transversal loose skin at throat. A boring expression
with half closed eyes and open mouth, showing the tip of the
3- Slate black color, gray as a
basic color, with black stripes lead gray.
B) Great Dane Mixbreedings:
1- Square figure, longilineous,
long legged, long necked and with scarce dewlap at the throat.
As a result of short sternum, the lower line tucks up in a
diagonal (herring thorax). Very big flank lap, even in males.
Firm joints and hard motion. Rump without inclination. Thin
tail. Opened shoulders, going onward and placed just under the
2- Narrow head. Big and large
nose. Not very deep head. Plain and flat skull small "stop"
narrow and thin ears, highly inserted. Eyes tending to blue.
Long muzzle, with lower line parallel to the upper one.
3- Jet black color, mouse gray
or bluish gray, gray, as basic color, with black spots, white
with black or gray spots, or with spots of these two colors. Low
fur, with very thin hair, too close to the body.
C) English Mastiff
1- Huge shape, tending to
square. Straight back. Withers higher than the rump.
2- Full face, the head is wide,
seeming narrow between the ears, which are small, in a "V"
shape, thin, highly inserted (practically at the top of the
skull line), and almost always black. Globular forehead, abrupt
"stop", formed by the frontal bone. Wrinkled skin at forehead.
Little outstanding occipital. Viewed in profile, the muzzle
length is half the skull length (1 to 2). Deep at the root, but
less deep at the tip, where the upper lip is not so deep. The
fore line forms a right angle with the upper line and is
vertical. It may be inclined forwards, as a result of pincers
shaped bite or inferior prognathism. Prominent chin, resulting
in an inclined fore line. Black mask.
3- Yellow apricot as a basic
color, with too many large and egg shaped stripes put together,
forming black stains. They are so numerous that the visible
parts of the basic color are practically of the same width of
the stains, giving a false idea of striped or a dark tigerlike
More Breed Standard Resources
Extremely strict registry based on phenotype and
The most widely used registry for filas.